Loan on real property, architects, mason, tile-layer, carpenter Saturday 18 November 2017

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Before launching you in an ambitious project for the construction of its premiére house, pose you to them following questions: the real market of your area is sufficiently dynamic so that a resale is negotiated under best the conditions.

Summers you ready to devote the major part of your spare time during several months to conclude this project ? You have a very precise idea of your requirement which was not met by the houses with the sale that you visited. you consulted a number of real advertisements and think that construction is less expensive.

To be sure for it, do not forget any element indicated in the estimated budget. According to the area and its budget - the dream of each one, to have its house and to reach the property To choose a ground and to stop on plans its project in support with an architect and a geometrician In order to avoid unpleasant the financial nasty surprises, to work out an estimated budget as precise as possible Will also know that the estimates of the professionals propose least expensive possible materials and installations as far as possible (to gain the market). Envisage a shell from at least 5% to 10% of the total cost of your project.

The costs will depend largely on your choices, of the taxation of your area… To obtain a total price (with labour) starting from the price materials alone, multiply by 2 to 3. Each area of France authorizes you to respect the environment and the schedule of conditions for the shape of this future house, the modéles of tiles to be chosen for example. Some time, the color of the frontage will be forced to you in the questionnaire relating to the permit building.

If you choose to direct yourself the construction of your house, surround and to consult the local craftsmen, who will be able to guide you in your steps and to decipher the analysis of the costs In term of guarantee, to inform you near the known organizations specialized about the geographical area of your dwelling.

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The bioconstruction makes it possible to build really in a more respectful way of the environment while ensuring a comfort, a wellbeing of better quality.

The cost of construction at the beginning is higher than a traditional construction… but remains an investment. the construction or the restoration of a house can have an environmental impact and the health of the man who is not negligible. However, there are techniques and more respectful materials of our health and environment The “bioconstruction” takes again several concepts. The bioconstruction strictly speaking seeks as much as possible to decrease the impact of a construction on the health of the man, while getting a maximum of wellbeing to him. House “bio” will use thus materials which does not cause allergies, which do not release from harmful solvents, which control well moisture (hygroscopicity) etc the bioconstruction has also a social dimension while taking care, in particular, to the good relations of vicinity as of the stage of construction.

The écoconstruction as much as possible minimizes the environmental harmful effects of the building. This last will thus use materials which come from resources renewable, which require little energy with production, which is not toxic, which are easily which can be recycled, etc The design of the house has also its importance: bioclimatic architecture to benefit the maximum of sunlight (and less to heat) or judicious localization (proximity of the services, the place of work, the joint means of transport etc) Éco-management implies a use of water, energy, a management of domestic waste, a maintenance of the respectful house… of the environment.

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We will call “bioconstruction” all that approaches the total principle carried by the whole of the definitions above.

Towards which ?

The bioconstruction is addressed to all those which build, renovate or… live. We practically are all called, at one moment or another of our life, to build, to renovate a housing, even if that is limited to repaint the walls of the room to be slept. All the stations of a housing are “bioconstructibles”, that goes from the foundations to the roof, while passing by the walls, the floors, the coatings, insulators or the electric installation.

Ecological insulation

The insulation is an important station, restoration construction: it makes it possible to decrease the consumption of energy of a building while keeping a good thermal comfort. Easy to implement by the private individual. The materials most employed to insulate a roof are the glass wool and the rockwool. Not very expensive and imputrescibles, their production claims however more energy than the materials “bio”, they contain formaldehyde (to bind fibres between them), they are irritating and suspectés to be allergens and finally, they are not which can be recycled. Also suspectés to be carcinogenic, but currently the tendency is rather opposite. The problems meet especially with the installation and disassembling. The substitutes “bio” however do not miss: tease hemp, flakes of cellulose (resulting from the recycling of paper), reed, fibres of wood, teases sheep, cork, vermiculite, pearlite, expanded clay… All these materials are usable as well in restoration as in construction. The majority of them are available in the form of wools (in rollers), in bulk (like the cellulose flakes) or in rigid or semi-rigid panels. In the category of the panels, one finds cork, the cellulose (compressed flakes), the reed and fibre of wood. Materials in the form of insulating mattresses (wools, bulk…) are more delicate to pose if one wants to avoid problems of condensation, the consequences of an escape in the roof, as well as the “cold bridges” (privileged ways of passage of heat because uninsulated). Cork, in panels fixed at the rafters of the roof, is well adapted to the restorations (especially on the old frames), but it is unfortunately rather expensive: four times more expensive than glass wool, are + 12,5 € /m2 out of 5 cm thickness. Its production - entirely natural: cork is part of the bark of the cork oak - very slow and is indeed limited to certain areas of the sphere. One will thus limit it to the specific uses. The wood fibre, of the same order of price, has like the cork of good capacities of soundproofing. The other materials are usable indifferently in construction and restoration. The wools (vegetable) have the advantage of costing twice less expensive than cork. The cellulose flakes, in bulk, to inject into the under-roof, are the best gone. On the other hand, the reed is appropriate less for the restoration, being the least adaptable to a roof having already undergone the weight of the years and the deformations which result from this. Of course, that does not apply if the restoration consists in replacing the old roof by new…

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To build its house

Certain materials used in a house are likely “to be attacked” by fire, water…

How behave materials of ecological insulation in this case?

• Fire the insulators are not apparent and are placed behind other materials, as of the plasterboards… what relativizes the fire hazards. Moreover, elementary some care are to be taken, as to avoid placing combustible insulators around a conduit of chimney (which would pass through the roof). All the vegetable materials, even fireproofed, are combustible… of share their nature own. That does not want however to say that they are dangerous and that they will blaze up on the least occasion. The majority of insulators containing vegetable fibres are classified besides “not easily flammable” in France. But the criterion of inflammability is not the only one to take into account. These insulators at vegetable base are only consumed surfaces some or do not release from toxic fume: here are considerable advantages in the event of fire. The mechanical behavior with fire is also very important. For example, wood does not become deformed and does not melt at the time of a fire. What is particularly important for beams, windows or doors…

• Water and moisture the vegetable materials keep their insulating properties in the presence of moisture, thanks to their great hygroscopic capacity (possibility of storage and restitution of ambient moisture). Nevertheless, they do not support to be constantly wet. It is thus necessary to avoid placing them in contact with wet surfaces (to take care of ventilating well).

• The ecological coatings Another current application of the bioconstruction relates to the coatings: plaster, paintings, varnished etc It exists three types of plaster: that composed of natural gypsum (that one extracts from careers), that which is containing phosphates (phosphogypsum) and that produced containing sulphates coming from the depollution of the flue gases. These the last two gypsum are by-products of industrial processes (often resulting from the production of phosphate-enriched fertilizers). From a technical point of view, the natural plaster is preferable with the “synthetic” plaster, because it is more hygroscopic (better regulation of moisture). From an “ecological” point of view, it is necessary to take care to buy plaster which is not radioactive… If one cannot proud with such or such “mark”, it appears that the plasters made up of natural gypsum are less radioactive. France, in particular, produced large quantities of natural gypsum (many careers). As for the plasters containing phosphogypsum, some present a risk of radioactivity, which comes from the basic ore from which the phosphogypsum is extracted, ore sometimes accompanied by uranium. That does not want to say that all the synthetic plasters are to be avoided; certain countries (as Germany) producing such plasters impose strict standards which make them completely clean to construction. Lastly, there is little difference in price between the natural plaster and the synthetic plaster. Clay is used as coating as well as the plaster. It has like advantages, to be even more hygroscopic and to better absorb the sounds that this last. On the other hand, being more porous (what explains its greater hygroscopicity), it is less resistant mechanically. It is thus disadvised in the rooms of child for example. Attention, it is better not to paper or paint a wall coated with clay, that would decrease the porosity of the unit, whereas one uses clay to increase this one. It is nevertheless possible to apply a finishing coat to clay if one wants to change the color it.

• Paintings also paintings are available poured “bio of it”. Primarily containing natural ingredients (contrary to traditional paintings), they avoid toxic solvents, binders and pigments. They are of this fact much healthier for our health and our environment that other paintings. Their cost is similar to that of traditional paintings, with equal quality. Attention, paintings natural does not want to say that one can pour the funds of pots in the sink! If they have an impact limited on our environment, it is possible other to be demolished some to reject them into the rivers or the basement.

• Painting house ?

It is possible to do yourself your painting (interior) ecological, containing lime (air/extinct), of water or skimmed milk and possibly of pigments. Milk brings casein (a protein), which “fixes” painting and gives him a dye chechmate of “old painting”. It is also possible to manufacture oneself of external paintings, but by modifying the ingredients.

• The other materials If we especially were interested in the insulation and the ecological coatings, all the other parts of a house can also profit from the contributions of the bioconstruction. One can for example set up walls “bios”: terra cotta or believed, twisted wood (made walls of mortar and “logs”), houses with framework drink… many techniques exist, even in car-construction for more the handymen. Among the ecological floor coverings, most known of them is perhaps the linoleum. But it is not only: terra cotta, ceramics tilings, natural stones, wood, fitteds carpet out of vegetable fibres (coconut, jute…) are as many alternatives to the traditional floor coverings. Even for the coatings of flat roofs, one can avoid traditional “the roofing” by using latex, by creating a vegetable roof etc Without forgetting the window frames and doors out of wooden resulting from durably managed forests, even for exotic wood. Of course, a wood coming from European forests will require less transport than a wood coming from much further… The electric installation can also be the subject of a detailed attention. We are indeed surrounded by electric and electromagnetic fields, any apparatus functioning with electricity in product, of the bulb at the alarm clock-morning while passing by television. The cables of the installation themselves produce some, by the simple fact that they are subjected to the tension of the electrical supply network. This electromagnetic pollution is especially harmful in the event of prolonged exposures. The installation of shielded cables and biorupteurs makes it possible to limit the pollution produced by the installation. The bioruptor disunites to it (S) cable (S) of the electric circuit when no current is necessary and replugged if necessary. This kind of system is especially useful in the rooms to be slept, parts where one spends much time. Wiring (just like drains), often out of PVC, is available out of polyethylene. Lastly, all management of the house, water to waste, while passing by the consumption of energy (heating, electricity) and maintenance general, can be done in a more respectful way of the environment. We return you in particular to our various publications or our telephone permanence for more details. Does

• How much that cost ?

If you call upon professionals, 25% of more than one traditional restoration. Attention, these figures are valid for a “light” restoration (new frames, insulation of an attic, renewal of paintings, wiring…) which you will have to add for example the installation of a solar-fired heater, a rainwater cistern, the installation of an electric installation biocompatible etc, If you do the work yourself, count a factor of 1 with… 4 for the price of materials. For example, the ecological materials of insulation are twice more expensive but the cost of the coatings, (clay, paintings…) is similar (always with equal quality). To build bio, on the other hand, costs proportionally less than the restoration. However count 10% of more than for a traditional house, on equal level of completion (the materials bios are often of very good quality and durable). This overcost is generally deadened by the savings made on the level of the consumption of energy, water, the maintenance or the reduction of the care of health… a good long-term investment! The bioconstruction makes it possible to build really in a more respectful way of the environment while ensuring a comfort, a wellbeing of better quality. Of course, that can be a little more expensive… but it is an investment.

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